Scientists have discovered new-layered ferromagnetic semiconductor. This is a rare type of material, which has great potential for manufacturing next-generation electronic technologies. The scientists at the Brookhaven National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory, and Princeton University collaborated for research.
As the name of the semiconductor indicates, it is Goldilocks of electrical conductors. However, it is neither a metal nor an insulator; but a combination or two-layered material, which conducts electricity. Additionally, these properties are customized according to the demand from the current modern electronics.
Potential to Expand Its Use in Consumer Electronics
However, this property of semiconductor is limited to handful materials such as chromium-based compounds. This material is able to exfoliate down into 2D layers, which offers the benefit of exploring unusual properties. This shows the potential to expand its compatibility with other compounds. It is like getting a new shape of Lego bricks, the more unique features it has, the cooler electronics can be developed.
The advantage of ferromagnetism especially in the semiconductor is to vary the electronic properties and make it spin-dependent. Electrons arrange in a line so that their spins work on the internal magnetization.
This leads to creating fair control knob for manipulating currents running through a semiconductor by altering magnetization. The change in the magnetic field or other complicated ways can control by doping. Additionally, this can improve the current electronic devices by controlling their behaviors by the magnetic field.
Moreover, these additional ways to implement for controlling behavior and for discovering impressive effects on functioning of electronics. Thus, the researchers were highly interested in exploring semiconductors and insulators, which are also ferromagnets.