Methane Levels

South Sudan Wetlands are Causing Sudden Spike in Global Methane Levels

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It is common knowledge that methane is a greenhouse gas. When methane is in the atmosphere, it helps to pass the energy from the Sun on the earth. However, it reflects back the energy back on earth when it tries to escape. A large number of methane emissions are a result of human activities. However, not all of it. A research study states that the swamps present in East Africa account for around one-third of the growing levels of methane from 2010 to 2016.

Most of the methane production is because of degradation of the biological materials. For instance, landfills present across the globe are among the biggest sources of methane production. Moreover, several industries, natural activities, and farming are also some of the other reasons for methane production.

What is Causing This Growth in Methane Levels?

Methane is a highly effective greenhouse gas. It is nearly 25 times more powerful at trapping energy than carbon dioxide. Nonetheless, because of the huge amount of presence of carbon dioxide, methane doesn’t get the necessary spotlight. Nonetheless, it is highly imperative to be able to project methane emissions and decide the best possible way to manage it. Researchers are now claiming that a third of the growth in global methane levels from 2010 to 2016 is because of the microscopic bacteria being active in a huge swamp in South Sudan.

Researchers are yet unsure about the steady rise of methane levels across the globe since 2007. A large portion of methane across the globe is naturally present. East Africa alone is responsible for 90% of the 1.5 million tons of growth in methane emissions each year. The majority of these emissions are from the wetlands in South Sudan. This growth is because of the rising levels of water in upstream rivers. Scientists are projecting this is the reason behind the sudden rise in methane levels.

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