Albumin is a water soluble globular protein produced in the liver. It accounts for 50% of blood plasma proteins. These play a vital role in regulating blood volume and act as transporters for molecules such as few hormones, bile salts, and ions. Albumin is commonly used as blood volumizer in rare diseases, burns, shocks, liver conditions, and other blood loss trauma and surgeries.
However, usage of albumin as multifunctional excipient is increasing due to rise in consumption of albumin for applications such as drug formulation, vaccines, drug discovery, culture medium, stabilizing agent, and diagnostics. Albumin has been widely used as a versatile drug carrier in systems such as albumin fusion protein, albumin-drug nanoparticles, and pro-drugs. It is used as a drug carrier for the treatment of various diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, cancer, and hepatitis. It also has the ability to bind to extraordinarily diverse range of molecules, as it provides depository for a wide variety of compounds. These factors make albumin most suitable to be used as an excipient in vaccine and drug production.
Transparency Market Research (TMR) has published a new report titled, “Albumin (as Excipient) Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2018–2026”. According to the report, the global albumin (as excipient) market was valued at US$ 750 Mn in 2017 and is anticipated to reach US$ 1200 Mn by 2026 at a CAGR of over 5.0% from 2018 to 2026. Grant of regulatory approvals coupled with subsequent launch of albumin based products is the key factor expected to propel the market during the forecast period.
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The drug delivery segment accounted for 25.0% market share in 2017 and the trend is expected to continue in the near future. Usage of human serum albumin nanoparticles as drug delivery systems with applications in various diseases such as cancer is likely to boost the growth of the segment. The drug delivery sub-segment held leading share of the recombinant albumin segment. Ongoing collaborations between biopharmaceutical companies for recombinant albumin-based drug delivery systems are anticipated to fuel the growth of the segment during the forecast period. For instance, in May 2015, Serendex Pharmaceutical initiated phase I trials of Molgradex, a drug candidate for treating rare pulmonary diseases. The drug candidate uses Novozymes’s Recombumin, a recombinant human albumin for the effective delivery of the biologic to lungs.
Demand for albumin is high in countries such as India and China. However, uptake of these therapeutics is low due to lack of awareness about these products and their therapeutic uses. Hence, awareness programs conducted by organizations such as PPTA, which include International Plasma Awareness Week, to help increase awareness about plasma donation and the different plasma protein therapies available along with their potential uses are expected to increase the uptake of these therapeutics in treating various conditions. The albumin market in Asia Pacific is projected to witness exponential growth during the forecast period. The region is anticipated to gain market share to capture around 26.0% in terms of revenue by 2026.