Research teams from University of Hawaii at Manoa has found concrete evidence that there is water on the moon. The goal to develop a civilization on moon is the primary motivation for researchers to find water source there. The study also proves synergy between lunar minerals, proton from the solar wind, and micrometeorite impacts. The experiment is the brainchild of two scientists Ralf. I. Kaiser and Jeffrey Gills-Davis.
The study, “Untangling the formation and liberation of water on lunar regolith” attempts to prove its claims through series of experiments. To do so, the lead author, exposed a sample of olivine, a replacement of lunar materials with deuterium ions acting as solar wind protons.
How does the Experiment Help Scientists Prove Presence of Water on the Moon?
Initially, the experiment did not show any traces of water formation when deuterium radiates olivine. However, the experiment was unsuccessful even when the scientists increased the temperature. In the second attempt, laser-heating to replicate the thermal effects of micrometeorite impacts on the surface of the moon was used. This resulted in a burst of ions with mass-to-charge ratios similar to that of heavy water. Even in high-temperature water kept on producing itself.
So, as to study the impact of the experiments, scientists focused on ion beam-scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscopy.
However, the study enhances the understanding of scientists on the origin of water on the moon and various other airless celestial bodies. This study is the first of its kind which explains a scientifically sound water formation process on the moon.