Technical textiles are high performance textiles that are slightly modified and are widely used owing to their special functional properties. These textiles find applications in various end-use industries such as agriculture, clothing, sportswear, healthcare, construction, packaging, sports equipment, automotives and other such areas. In many regions across the world, the market for basic textiles is believed to have reached a stage of maturity which has in turn reflected on the global technical textile market. Owing to intensive technology advancement and innovation in this industry, the demand for technical textiles has increased extensively over the past few years and is expected to keep growing over the coming years.
Transparency Market Research (http://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/), a leading U.S.-based Market Research firm, analyses the market for technical textiles and predicts a compounded annual growth rate of 3.0%, in terms of revenue for the period from 2012 to 2018. Nanotechnology in technical textiles has emerged as a primary driver for innovations and technology development in industry.
In various applications such as apparel textiles, medical textiles, automotive construction, filter technology and others, nanotechnology has supported development of new textile materials as well as functional properties enhancement in existing materials. In apparel textiles, especially for sportswear and military applications, inclusion of carbon nanotubes in the fibers is been done to improve strength and conductivity. In addition, nano finishes for the apparel textiles enhance the dirt and water resistant properties, especially for sports and outdoor wear.
For healthcare or medical applications anti-bacterial nano textiles are developed to be used for resistance of bacteria or germ spread. These anti-bacterial properties of the textiles are based on silver nanoparticles. Nanotechnology further helps to develop UV resistant textile that contains nanoparticles of titanium oxide or zinc oxide, which gives them ability to absorb significant amount of UV radiations. These UV resistant textiles are proved to reduce the risk of skin cancer, as agreed by number of doctors globally.
Nanopartilcles can be used in automobile textiles to improve the wear-resistance and dimension stability, as they are subject to high levels of mechanical stress. In addition to these applications few other applications such as nanofibers used in filters, nanotubes used in antistatic clothing and packaging fibers are the examples of advancement done in technical textiles with help of nanotechnology. Owing to the advantages in different application industries provided by the nanotechnology, the demand for technical textile is expected to be high in the coming future.