A fundus camera is one of the most imperative devices for ophthalmologists and optometrists since they help in the diagnosis of major retinal disorders like diabetic retinopathy, acute macular degeneration (AMD), and glaucoma.
Accurate diagnosis and treatment plays a crucial role in preserving the normal functions of the retina and the optic nerve. To minimize the rates of blindness and vision loss, early diagnosis and enhancement of patient access to ophthalmic care is the need of the hour.
Technological innovation has helped in easy and timely diagnosis of retinal disorders mainly through innovative digital, hybrid, and non-mydriatic fundus cameras. Fundus photography has evolved as a new branch in ophthalmology and deals with real-time imaging of retinal disorders.
Rise in ageing population coupled with increased health awareness has propelled the growth of eye examinations. Also, pediatric ophthalmic conditions like retinopathy can be detected through the use of fundus cameras. Digital fundus and fluorescein angiography cameras are very expensive, however, they provide better and detailed understanding of the anatomical vasculature of the retina, the choroid, the optic disc, and the iris.
In normal routine eye examinations, clinicians conduct examinations with the help of ophthalmoscopes. These ophthalmoscopes do not provide detailed patho-physiological changes of the retina, hence, delays in the early detection of retinal conditions. To make fundus cameras more portable, companies like Volk Pictor, Nidek NM-200D, OptoMed Smartscope, and Kowa Genesis have introduced hand held fundus cameras. These cameras are more economical plus they are anticipated to have a strong market in developing countries. These devices will allow health practitioners to have an easy access to good quality images compared to normal ophthalmoscopes.
A fundus camera is, therefore, a beneficial tool extensively used for the detection of various ophthalmic conditions. Technical augmentation has served and made it easier for ophthalmologists and optometrists to detect ophthalmic diseases early through these cameras.